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Bachelor of Environmental Sciences

Introduction
The Environmental matters are at the centre of the political and economic areas and at the top of the developmental agenda of every country in the world. This is the outcome of a rising global concern about the protection of our environment. In last three centuries, the world has witnessed a rapid but uneven economic development. The unsustainable economic development has resulted in disastrous environmental crises such as environmental pollution, climate change and depletion of resources and loss of biodiversity.
The world is faced with the challenge of devising innovative development strategies to deal with the complexities of environmental deterioration and economic development. In order to cope with the challenges of increasing population, environmental deterioration and unsustainable economic development, a harmonious collaboration between human development efforts and environment concerns are urgently needed to achieve the ultimate goal of sustainable development. The target of sustainable development can only be achieved through an integrated, comprehensive approach involving social and technological changes in all sectors of human life and its environment.

Rationale
Finding a sustainable way of life is one of the greatest socially, economically and environmentally challenges facing the humanity today. This requires a new frame of mind and new set of values. Education is critical for promoting such values and improving people’s capacities to address environmental and developmental issues.  Education at all levels especially university education should aim at achieving sustainable development and foster environmentally sound attitudes, skills and behaviour patterns, as well as a sense of ethical responsibility. This can be achieved if Environmental Science is made part of the education embracing both the scientific and social aspects of the human life. The discipline of Environmental Science is perceived as the systematic study of the world around us, our proper place in it and how it can deal with the issues of socio-economic development on the basis of the principles derived from various disciplines of natural sciences. The development of interdisciplinary curriculum is one way of developing capacity in Environmental Science for the achievement of ultimate goals of sustainable development 

The Aim
The principal aim of undergraduate, in the discipline of Environmental Science is to train and develop, well equipped and highly skilled man power to tackle the growing environmental and developmental problems and changes arising from the transition to a sustainable society.

The Scope
Being an interdisciplinary field of knowledge, Environmental Science includes programmes with multidisciplinary scope in which the graduates will learn to address the challenges of maintenance of environmental integrity for sustainable development in relation to human activities.

Teaching Objectives
The teaching objectives of the degree programmes in Environmental Science are to enable its graduates with following key skills:

  • Learn how to analyse and assess environmental problems;
  • Carry out independent scientific and technical research on environmental issues; 
  • Propose sustainable solutions for environmental problems.

Learning Objectives
This undergraduate degree program is expected to equip the graduates with an ability to understand the linkages between various bio-physical and socio-economic components of environment and with an expertise to: 

  • Understand the intricate linkages within and between biophysical and socioeconomic systems, and appreciate the principles and requirements that would facilitate the transition to sustainability within these systems; 
  • Apply theoretical understanding, professional judgment and skills in mitigation of environmental problems; 
  • Formulate and implement solutions to problems of sustainable development, through the use of analytical skill and theoretical knowledge 
  • Make meaningful contributions to improving legal and administrative structures and processes relevant to sustainable development and environmental management 

PROGRAMME OVERVIEW, TIMING AND CREDIT REQUIREMENTS
Before drawing the structure of the undergraduate programme in Environmental Science, it is important to highlight guiding principles for the development of the programme that:

  • The degree programme in Environmental Science should be comprehensive in their coverage of the contents;
  • The medium of instruction, assessment and evaluation will be English for the BS in Environmental Science.
  • Environmental Science is an emerging science as a discipline which is highly inter and multi-disciplinary in nature. Integrating natural sciences, social sciences and humanities in a holistic study of the world around us is required to achieve goals; 
  • Courses from disciplines of social sciences should also be included in the curriculum of Environmental Science along with the courses from disciplines of natural sciences in order to integrate the socio-economic aspects of the environment; 
  • In order to support efficient research in the discipline of Environmental Science, skills oriented courses in information and communication technologies must be included in the degree programmes.
  • The structure of the programmes should be in accordance with international system of higher education in terms of equivalence of credit hours and duration.
  • To maintain the equivalence of duration of study at international level, the Bachelor’s degree programme (BS) will be of four years i.e., eight semesters in the semester system.
  • The nomenclature for this four-year degree programme will be BS Environmental Science consisting minimum of 124 and Maximum of 136 credit hours including compulsory courses of English, communication skills and computer application skills.
  • The eligibility for admission to Bachelors of Environmental Science degree will be diploma holder, senior six holder with two principle passes in biology, chemistry and geography or equivalent qualification

The curriculum of four-year BS Environmental Science Degree programme was prepared in such a way that the workload is maximum in the first years and minimum in the final years for the purpose of giving relief for research work and career-oriented activities. The programme is a semester wise distribution of courses in a basic to applied order.